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Understanding Consent

What is consent?

To put it simply, consent is when you agree to do something or give someone permission to do something (that affects you personally). 

In other words, consent is nothing but saying “Yes, you’re allowed to do that” or “Yes, I want you to do that”.

What is Sexual Consent?

Sexual consent refers to the consent of a person in the context of sexual activity. One is said to consent to sexual activity when one agrees freely and fully to sexual activity.  

Consent can be explained through the acronym FRIES:

Full and free

Reversible

Informed

Enthusiastic

Specific

Consent is NOT:

Implicit

Dressing sexy

Flirting

Accepting a ride

Accepting a drink

Smiling or laughing

Marriage or being in a relationship with someone

Consent is NOT:

Saying nothing

Saying something incoherent

Saying maybe / not sure

Acceptable if given under the influence of drugs or alcohol

Saying yes or giving into something because one is coerced, pressured or forced

Saying yes when one is afraid to say no

Obtaining Consent: 

The person initiating sexual activity should seek consent of the other.

Ask yourself if the other person is capable of giving consent. If they are drunk, or on drugs, asleep or unconscious, they cannot choose freely. So, they are not giving you consent.

People who live with certain mental health issues, learning disabilities or head injuries may not have the capacity to consent. Do not assume that their consent is full and free.

Confirm if you have consent by asking them. Never assume.

Even in case of marriage or a marital relationship between two individuals, it is imperative that consent be obtained and not assume that their consent is full and free solely on the basis of being married.  


NO means NO. 

You can say NO. 

You have a right to say NO. 

You have a right for that NO to be respected. 


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